The world is shaking with the emergence of an interactive AI “Chat (chat) GPT” that answers any question like a human being. Artificial Intelligence, also known as AI, refers to computer systems that have human-like intelligence. For example, smart speakers and facial recognition systems for smartphones are types of artificial intelligence. A smart speaker can understand what a human voice is saying and even respond to it. A face recognition system would determine whether it is the same person from the face. In recent years, artificial intelligence such as “Chat GPT” has developed remarkably. If artificial intelligence develops at this pace, the social environment surrounding us will also change rapidly. Some people may feel uneasy about future life and employment. In this article, I will explain what artificial intelligence is and how the world will change as a result of the development of artificial intelligence.
- Where Artificial Intelligence (AI) Is Now Where Artificial Intelligence (AI) Is Now
Development of artificial intelligence and future changes Development of artificial intelligence and future changes
- The future of concern due to the development of artificial intelligence The future of concern due to the development of artificial intelligence
- summary summary
Where Artificial Intelligence (AI) Is Now
First, let’s take a look at the current state of artificial intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence Enters the Era of Machine Learning and Deep Learning
The development of artificial intelligence began in the 1950s, which is surprisingly old. And now we are in what is called the third AI boom, which has been going on since around 2013.
Today, with the development of the web and big data, we are in an environment where a large amount of data can be used. The third AI boom can be said to be the fact that artificial intelligence can learn a lot of data. It has also become more practical as artificial intelligence can do machine learning and deep learning.
Representative themes of artificial intelligence
Typical themes of artificial intelligence include inference/search and expert systems. Inference/search is the process of expressing and executing a thought process in a company, or searching for conceivable possibilities by hierarchy to derive a goal.
Inference and search have been performed since the 1950s, when artificial intelligence was first developed. At the time, we were only able to handle the simplest things, but now we can often handle things that involve multiple factors.
An expert system is one that incorporates domain knowledge and makes inferences. It was developed mainly in the 1980s. When you ask a question, you can answer according to preset rules. However, we can only respond to questions about specific areas. For example, in the medical field, diagnosis of diseases is a typical example.
Machine learning and deep learning are attracting attention as the main themes in recent artificial intelligence development.
Machine learning finds and learns knowledge and rules from big data. For example, we can provide recommended products based on purchase data. There is no need for humans to set detailed rules.
Deep learning uses the neural network of the human brain. Artificial intelligence acquires necessary knowledge on its own.
Examples of using artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence is already being used in many areas. Examples include autonomous driving, outdoor surveillance cameras, lung cancer detection, and cooking robots.
Outdoor surveillance cameras can analyze the behavior of a suspicious person and detect when a person who behaves similarly to that is captured. Lung cancer detection uses image recognition technology, so it can be done in less time than when a doctor does it visually. Deep learning is also expected to improve the detection rate.
Development of artificial intelligence and future changes
Let’s take a look at how artificial intelligence will develop in the future and how it will change the future.
How will artificial intelligence develop in the future?
There is a strong view that artificial intelligence will continue to develop in terms of both the utilization of big data and the sophistication of artificial intelligence technology based on brain science. And the fusion of information science and brain science is expected. I would like to give some examples of what kind of development is expected in each field.
・Fields such as medicine and healthcare
We will be able to provide customized advanced medical services.
Home tutor robots are expected to play an active role. Using data such as the student’s brain activity state, it will be possible to provide lessons that match the content of each student. There is a high possibility that it will be able to support multilingualization.
・Disaster prevention field
Real-time evacuation route instructions and automatic translation in the event of a disaster are expected. Even in the event of a large-scale disaster, the damage will be minimized.
Marketing that incorporates emotions becomes possible.
・Nursing care and welfare fields
Nursing care staff will be able to collaborate with nursing care support robots. There is a high possibility that nursing care robots will take over heavy-duty work.
・Agriculture, forestry and fisheries
The efficient development of new varieties and the realization of precision agriculture are expected.
How will society change with the development of artificial intelligence?
If artificial intelligence develops, there is a high possibility that it will lead to a decrease in crime because crime prevention and surveillance will be strengthened. Even if there is a suspicious person, you can find it immediately.
Motion learning will also dramatically improve machine motion. It is expected to improve operational efficiency in the manufacturing and logistics industries.
It will also help improve information security and simulation technology.
Expected role of artificial intelligence in the future
If artificial intelligence is used in society, it will be possible to make up for labor shortages. Especially in Japan, where the declining birthrate and aging population are progressing and the population continues to decline, this advantage will be great.
Efficiency can be improved even in fields with serious labor shortages such as agriculture and nursing care. It will also help improve food self-sufficiency and improve the quality of nursing care services. Utilizing intellectual property in machine learning is also one of the expected roles of artificial intelligence.
The future of concern due to the development of artificial intelligence
Along with the development of artificial intelligence, there are also the following challenges.
One concern is declining employment. As technological innovation by artificial intelligence progresses, some jobs will be replaced by artificial intelligence. There will be people who will lose their jobs.
However, there is also work that needs to be done to introduce and popularize artificial intelligence. New jobs will be created using artificial intelligence. Also, using artificial intelligence comes at a cost. Therefore, there is a strong view that the majority of people’s jobs will not be lost. In order to respond to a society in which artificial intelligence has developed, it is necessary to pay attention to the use of artificial intelligence in anticipation of the creation of new jobs and supplementation of employment.
problem of singularity
Singularity is a technological singularity proposed by Ray Kurzweil where ICT surpasses human intelligence.
It is said that there is a high possibility that we will reach the singularity in 2045, and if that happens, the living environment of people will change drastically. AI may come to carry out technology development as well.
Human society has universal values such as happiness, fairness, morality, rights, and tradition. However, with the development of artificial intelligence, there will come a risk that such universal values will be violated. There are concerns that human beings will lose their original rights and human intelligence will be violated.
Addressing the abuse of artificial intelligence is also a major challenge. As artificial intelligence becomes more intelligent than humans, it will become more difficult to deal with abuse. Also, not all uses of artificial intelligence are successful. Serious mistakes and accidents can occur. As a result, the question of who should be held responsible for what happens as a result of artificial intelligence learning and judging itself will also arise.
Currently, we are in the third AI boom, and the development of artificial intelligence in terms of machine learning and deep learning is being actively carried out. In the future, artificial intelligence will be able to learn by collecting data and finding rules by itself.
Although there are concerns about the impact on employment, there is also a great possibility that new jobs will be created due to the development of artificial intelligence. It can be expected to prevent crime, improve productivity, and eliminate labor shortages. It is also predicted that the singularity will occur when artificial intelligence surpasses human intelligence. In general, the future after 2045 may be very different from the society of the past.